What relationship exists between minority status and crime? Is this relationship generalizable across different societies? Many western nations are becoming concerned with the problem of crime in general and, in particular, the role of minority groups, be they political refugees, guest workers, immigrants, or native ethnic and racial minorities. A unique cross-cultural exploration. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime highlights the empirical realities of crime and these under-studied populations. Each international expert from the United States or Europe surveys national statistical facts and research as well as political and theoretical debates critical to the issues. Revealing a number of surprising similarities and differences, original chapters examine law enforcement priorities, punishment philosophy and practices, and media coverage against the backdrop of contemporary thought and facts about race, ethnicity, migrants, crime, and criminal justice in the United States. Offering an in-depth examination of international perspectives, Minorities, Migrants, and Crime adds a viewpoint crucial to the law and policy making currently taking place in the United States. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime features state-of-the-art research in the international arena of criminal justice. A thought-provoking read, this book will prove to be an ideal resource for researchers, academics, and students in criminology, criminal justice, corrections, policing, sociology, ethnic studies, policy studies, international studies, immigration studies, and public administration.
Chapter 7: Minorities, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Belgium
Minorities, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Belgium
Immigrants and Ethnic Minorities in Belgium
Belgium shares borders with The Netherlands, France, and Germany; it has approximately 10 million inhabitants. Three languages are spoken in Belgium: Dutch in Flanders (60% of the Belgian population), French in Wallonia (39%), and German (less than 1% of the population; Bruyssinck, Boudart, & Boudart, 1990). Brussels, the capital of Belgium, is the seat of the European parliament, the European Union Commission, as well as NATO, which gives Brussels an important position internationally.
From the mid-1900s until the beginning of the 20th century, about 3% of the population in Belgium were immigrants. This small group was primarily of French, German, or Dutch origin (i.e., from neighboring countries). Mostly, ...