What relationship exists between minority status and crime? Is this relationship generalizable across different societies? Many western nations are becoming concerned with the problem of crime in general and, in particular, the role of minority groups, be they political refugees, guest workers, immigrants, or native ethnic and racial minorities. A unique cross-cultural exploration. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime highlights the empirical realities of crime and these under-studied populations. Each international expert from the United States or Europe surveys national statistical facts and research as well as political and theoretical debates critical to the issues. Revealing a number of surprising similarities and differences, original chapters examine law enforcement priorities, punishment philosophy and practices, and media coverage against the backdrop of contemporary thought and facts about race, ethnicity, migrants, crime, and criminal justice in the United States. Offering an in-depth examination of international perspectives, Minorities, Migrants, and Crime adds a viewpoint crucial to the law and policy making currently taking place in the United States. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime features state-of-the-art research in the international arena of criminal justice. A thought-provoking read, this book will prove to be an ideal resource for researchers, academics, and students in criminology, criminal justice, corrections, policing, sociology, ethnic studies, policy studies, international studies, immigration studies, and public administration.
Chapter 10: Minorities and Crime in Europe and the United States: More Similar than Different!
Minorities and Crime in Europe and the United States: More Similar than Different!
Some Common Concerns
European governments are taking increasingly restrictive measures to deal with minorities and migrants. Reflecting the shift in the nature of immigration and the composition of the migrant population, government policy toward ethnic minorities is more and more subordinated to a security policy toward foreigners and people of foreign origin (cf. Hebberecht, Chapter 7, this volume; Weiner, 1993). There is increased focus on the control of immigration and cross-border crime, organized crime, international criminal networks, and black markets (see Schmid & Savona, 1996). Parallel developments are taking place in the United States.
The authors describing the situation in the United ...