Minorities and the State discusses the plight of two numerically significant religious minority groups: Hindus in Bangladesh and Muslims in West Bengal, India.
The political vicissitudes in India and Bangladesh have stirred up questions relating to citizenship, nationality, and identity. In this volume, academics from India, Bangladesh, and Japan examine the formation of minority identity at the time of partition of India in 1947 and in subsequent decades. The articles emphasize the crises and coping strategies, migration, and state- and local-level politics affecting minorities.
By utilizing data from varied sources like field work, archival research, and secondary sources, this volume explores deprivation and different dimensions of minority life from political, economic, civil society, gender, and literary perspectives.
Chapter 7: Hindu Minority in Bangladesh: Migration, Marginalization, and Minority Politics in Bengal
Hindu Minority in Bangladesh: Migration, Marginalization, and Minority Politics in Bengal
This chapter treats the problems challenging Bangladesh's minority Hindus and discusses their social and historical backgrounds. Table 7.1 provides the 100-year population transition of each religious community in East Bengal, East Pakistan, and Bangladesh as per the Census results. The latest (2001) Census of Bangladesh reports a minority Hindu population of 11.2 million. This constitutes approximately 9.1 per cent of the total population of 124 million, of which the Muslim majority accounts for 90 per cent, or approximately 111 million people. The 1940s Census, compiled when the British outlined the partition of India and Pakistan, indicates that the minority Hindu population formed more than ...