Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.
Chapter 9: Narrative Semiotics (Séamantique Structurale)
Narrative Semiotics (Séamantique Structurale)
Narrations can be understood as stories with a beginning, a middle, and an end that contains a conclusion or some experience of the storyteller. Telling a story is normally connected with some unusual event and some complication in the course of the events depicted. The narrative genre depends on temporal principles of ordering (Labov & Waletzy 1967, Gülich & Quasthoff 1985).
Narrative analyses exist in different methodological variants, which are distinct from each other in respect of their degree of formalization and their deductive and inductive procedure. Deductive variants proceed from a set of rules and principles and attempt to use these to clarify the meaning of a text. Inductive variants are mostly of ethnographic provenance, and attempt to ...