Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.
Chapter 8: Two Ethnomethodologically Oriented Methods of Text Analysis: Membership Categorization Device Analysis and Conversation Analysis
Two Ethnomethodologically Oriented Methods of Text Analysis: Membership Categorization Device Analysis and Conversation Analysis
Garfinkel's ‘ethnomethodology’ — influenced by the ‘phenomenology’ of Alfred Schütz (and by his concept of the everyday world or the world of daily life) — unlike other branches of sociology does not investigate social order per se. Instead it seeks to identify those everyday procedures which members of a society use to create their own social order.
The philosophical roots of this direction in sociology are found not only in Husserl's phenomenology but also in Wittgenstein's philosophy, and in particular in his concept of the language game. Wittgenstein draws attention to the connection between speaking and way of ...