Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.
Chapter 4: Map of Methods and Theories
Map of Methods and Theories
Methods are in a factual relationship with theories and in a social relationship with scientific networks. They depend on theoretical foundations, that is to say, on explanatory patterns for a specific field, and normally develop within the boundaries of a particular discipline. Figure 4.1 provides a general overview of the 12 methods of text analysis which we have selected and shows the relationship between methods and theories.
FIGURE 4.1 Map of theories and methods
Figure 4.1 should be read in the following way:
- The methods of text analysis discussed in this book are in the shaded rectangles.
- The different geometric shapes symbolize theory types of different degrees of abstraction: (a) philosophical and epistemological approaches (for example, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, General Semiotics); ...