Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.
Chapter 14: Objective Hermeneutics1
Objective hermeneutics belongs to the group of reconstructive procedures that are characterized by the notion of discovering latent structures. Without relying on any scientific epistemology of its own, it rather works on the basis of everyday understanding and refines this by means of a clearly motivated and explicit set of rules. In its historical development it ‘grew from being an empirical procedure derived from research practice, and is in that sense based on the experiences of such research practice and on their reconstruction’ (Bohnsack 1991: 69).
The development of objective hermeneutics as a method of text analysis was accompanied by a need for the development of a new methodology for the social sciences. This need has its origin in the extension of the ...