Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.
Chapter 13: Distinction Theory Text Analysis
Distinction Theory Text Analysis
The ‘Distinction Theory’ approach (DTA) to text analysis was developed by Titsher and Meyer in the course of a research project entitled Diplomacy and Language. It is based, on the one hand, on Niklas Luhmann's (1984, 1995) theoretical assumptions and, on the other hand, on the receptions that he inspired of George Spencer Brown's distinction calculus (1979, see also Baecker 1993a, 1993b). The concept of distinction, or differential organization, of signs has a tradition both in semiotics and in structuralism (see, for instance, the presentation in Titzmann 1977: 12ff.). The notion of markedness (that is, marked versus unmarked) was taken up in linguistics by Linda Waugh and may be traced back to Nikolaj Trubetzkoy and Roman Jakobson ...