Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis provides the most comprehensive overview currently available of linguistic and sociological approaches to text and discourse analysis. Among the 10 linguistic and sociological models surveyed in this book some of the more important are Grounded Theory, Content Analysis, Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis. The book presents each approach according to a standardised format, which allows for direct systematic comparisons. The fully annotated lists of sources provide readers with an additional means of evaluation of the competing analytical methods. Interdisciplinary and international in its aim, Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis suggests the benefits both linguists and sociologists will derive from a more intimate knowledge of each others' methods and procedures. By enabling readers to compare, contrast and apply a range of methods and approaches this book will be an essential resource for both students and researchers.

SYMLOG as a Method of Text Analysis

Symlog as a method of text analysis

SYMLOG stands for ‘A System for the Multiple Level Observation of Groups’ (Bales & Cohen 1979: 3). In its original form it involved a framework for the observation of groups.’ Other authors also recommend this schema for the content analysis of everyday descriptions of social interactions (see Schneider 1989). If Merten's (1983) suggested typology of content analysis procedures is followed, it is — like interaction process analysis — a semantic-pragmatic procedure focussing on the ‘situation’.

Theoretical Origins

Bales & Cohen (1979: 11) mention many theoretical backgrounds to their ‘systematic multi-level field theory’: different theories of social cognition (for example Fritz Heider's Balance Theory, Leon Festinger's Dissonance Theory and Harold H. Kelley's Attribution Theory), symbolic ...

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