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In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.

Chapter 9: The Consciousness of Social Beliefs: A Program of Research on Stereotyping and Prejudice

The Consciousness of Social Beliefs: A Program of Research on Stereotyping and Prejudice
The consciousness of social beliefs: A program of research on stereotyping and prejudice
MahzarinR.Banaji and NilanjanaDasgupta

In the mid–1990s, two important volumes on metacognition appeared. A collection of core readings containing classic and contemporary articles (Nelson, 1992) was followed by a volume of recent theoretical and empirical contributions (Metcalfe & Shimamura, 1994). Together they showed the prominence that the study of metacognition has come to occupy in psychology, and are testimony to the unique advances that are possible through an explicit effort to examine self-reflective processes. Through this research, the use of terms such as monitoring, control, feeling of knowing, and consciousness made previously marginalized constructs legitimate targets of scientific analysis. In so doing, ...

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