- Subject index
In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.
Chapter 6: Social Influence on Memory
Social Influence on Memory
In textbooks of social psychology, the concept of social influence is often defined as an effort on the part of one person to change behaviors or attitudes of others (e.g. Baron & Byrne, 1994).1 This definition, however, includes at least two meanings. On the one hand, social influence may describe the massive effects of pressure towards conformity and obedience; on the other hand, it may refer to the more subtle techniques involved in changing behaviors and attitudes (for overviews, see for example Cialdini, 1992; Eagly & Chaiken, 1993; Turner, 1991). Independent of both the various forms of social influence and of the investigated domains, research has primarily focused on individuals' attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors. Such ...