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In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.

Rapid Feeling-of-Knowing: A Strategy Selection Mechanism
Rapid feeling-of-knowing: A strategy selection mechanism
AdisackNhouyvanisvong and LynneM.Reder

The topic of feeling-of-knowing has received increasing attention (e.g. Hart, 1965; Koriat, 1993, 1994, 1995; Metcalfe, 1994; Metcalfe, Schwartz, & Joaquim, 1993; Miner & Reder, 1994; Nelson, Gerler, & Narens, 1984; Nelson & Narens, 1990; Reder, 1987, 1988; Reder & Ritter, 1992; Schwartz, 1994; Schwartz & Metcalfe, 1992). This growth in interest has focused on the accuracy of this feeling-of-knowing judgment and the variables that influence it. There has been much less concern with the purpose or functionality of the process. Most research that looks at feeling-of-knowing uses a paradigm that asks for a judgment following a memory retrieval failure.

This approach is reminiscent of the tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon (Brown & McNeill, 1966; Smith, ...

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