- Subject index
In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.
Chapter 2: Illusions of Knowing: The Link between Knowledge and Metaknowledge
Illusions of Knowing: The Link between Knowledge and Metaknowledge
One puzzling observation about metacognition is that people are generally accurate in monitoring their knowledge. The present chapter focuses on the feeling of knowing (FOK) often experienced when people fail to retrieve a solicited target from memory. It is argued that the FOK does not monitor directly the underlying memory trace, but is based on the overall amount of partial information accessed about the target, and on the ease with which it comes to mind. Evidence from conditions that precipitate an illusion of knowing, i.e. a strong FOK which turns out to be unwarranted, supports these assumptions. This evidence suggests that the accuracy of metaknowledge derives from the ...