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In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.

Chapter 12: Correction and Metacognition: Are People Naive Dogmatists or Naive Empiricists during Social Judgments?

Correction and Metacognition: Are People Naive Dogmatists or Naive Empiricists during Social Judgments?
Correction and metacognition: Are people naive dogmatists or naive empiricists during social judgments?
LeonardL.Martin and DiederikA.Stapel

Let's start with the obvious: (1) people can enact behaviors and (2) people can provide explanations for their behaviors. Now, the less obvious: What is the relation between the two? Do people consciously consider various features of the situation, weigh the pros and cons, develop a conscious intention, and then act upon that intention (cf. Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975)? Or do people initiate behaviors for reasons of which they may not be entirely aware, and only later attempt to piece together why they might have behaved as they did (cf. Bern, 1967; Nisbett & Wilson, 1977)?

In this chapter, ...

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