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In recent years, cognitive as well as social psychologists have become increasingly aware that metacognition (cognitive processes that apply to themselves) is a fundamental aspect of human psychology. Are metacognitive activities similar to standard cognitive processes or do they represent a separate category? How do people reflect on their cognitive processes? Does our metacognitive knowledge affect our behavioral choices? These are only some of the questions addressed in this broad ranging book. Metacognition is a major international and interdisciplinary book that shows how a full analysis of human reasoning and behavior requires an understanding of both cognitive and metacognitive activities. This group of world-renowned authors draw together key insights from across social and cognitive psychology to offer an unmatched overview of this major debate. It will be invaluable for students and academics in social and cognitive psychology.

Chapter 11: The Metacognition of Bias Correction: Naive Theories of Bias and the Flexible Correction Model

The Metacognition of Bias Correction: Naive Theories of Bias and the Flexible Correction Model
The Metacognition of bias correction: Naive theories of bias and the flexible correction model
DuaneT.Wegener, RichardE.Petty and MeghanDunn

In many situations, we want to assess the “true” qualities of some target person, object, or issue. Is Sally really the best job candidate? Is the National Bank the right choice for my mortgage? Is George truly guilty of bank robbery? Unfortunately, making accurate or otherwise appropriate judgments can often turn out to be rather difficult because many kinds of biasing factors – such as being in a bad mood – can unduly influence our perceptions. Especially when attempting to be accurate, people would presumably want to prevent such biasing factors from having an impact ...

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