Western countries face the biggest national mental health crisis in their history. Never have so many individuals needed mental health care – with almost one in two individuals now reporting severe psychological problems during their life time. Despite this pressing need, however, the mental health care systems in many countries are confronting grave financial threats along with long waiting lists and insufficient care. This book brings together empirical research to argue that 10 key socio-political, economic and medical crises have lead to this crisis in mental health care. In the final chapter the authors begin to look to alternatives that could help resolve this crisis.