Current and much-needed, this book offers an analysis of the social forces which shape the way friendship is organized. Through varying perspectives, contributors show that a variation exists within–as well as between–the genders. They focus on diversity in men's friendships, and how men develop and maintain friendships with other men and women. Part I focuses on philosophical and historical questions; Part II illustrates the strong connection between social structure and men's friendships; and the final chapters consider cultural diversity. Men's Friendships reorganizes existing knowledge and introduces fresh perspectives within the framework of men's studies. This volume is sure to stimulate debate, raise questions, and offer suggestions for future research. “A very interesting collection, particularly those on black men's relationships–where the author compares working class and middle class black American men's relationships–a history of friendship and the changing nature of men's intimacy and power, and intimacy and sexuality in male athletes' friendships.” – Working with Men “Theory and research on men's studies are alive and well, and Peter Nardi's edited book, Men's Friendships, is a significant contribution to this literature. The book not only provides a useful account of how men develop and maintain their friendships, it introduces a variety of rigorous approaches (historical, sociological, and cross-cultural) to examine this topic.” – Journal of Men's Studies “Provides a thought-provoking, multifaceted look at how men handle friendship under a variety of conditions…. Some of the authors present data-based research findings; others give reflective integrative essays. General readers, undergraduate students, and above.” – Choice “Theory and research on men's studies are alive and well, and Peter Nardi's edited book, Men's Friendships, is a significant contribution to this literature. The book not only provides a useful account of how men develop and maintain their friendships, it introduces a variety of rigorous approaches (historical, sociological, and cross-cultural) to examine this topic…. Men's Friendships is not only an important contribution to men's studies, it is necessary reading for anyone interested in studying friendships.” – The Journal of Men's Studies “Overall, this book demonstrates the vitality of research and theory on men's friendships. Men's Friendships is not only an important contribution to men's studies, it is necessary reading for anyone interested in studying relationships.” – Personal Relationships Issues “The anthology … provides an excellent overview of the permutations of men's friendships. It is both tightly organized and wide ranging, a particularly difficult accomplishment for a collection…. Men's Friendships is one of the most interesting additions to the growing friendship literature. It significantly opens up the debate over gender differences in friendship–both within and between genders.” – Masculinities

Sex, Friendship, and Gender Roles Among Gay Men

Sex, friendship, and gender roles among gay men
PeterM.Nardi

The connection between sexual orientation and gender roles has been confused by many people. Too often, assumptions about homosexuality or heterosexuality have led to assumptions about masculinity or femininity. Altman (1982, p. 55) states it succinctly:

[T]he belief that homosexuality is somehow a reflection of a blurred sense of masculinity/femininity remains central to the Western imagination, and to the extent that our concepts of gender have implied a heterosexual norm, this is important in understanding the development of homosexual identity.

Understanding the differences between sexual identity and gender roles is enhanced when focusing on the issues of friendship and sex among gay men. For many people, being gay has been interpreted in terms ...

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