The European media landscape is changing profoundly. In this wide-ranging and timely text, members of the Euromedia Research Group examine the ways in which national and supranational policy is reacting to these changes. The contributors consider: the consequences for broadcasting systems of satellite and cable delivery; the fate of public broadcasting under deregulation; the changes currently affecting print media and newspapers; the impact of media changes for political and social cultural life; and the significance of the Internet, the first true fruit of the telematic revolution in communication.
Chapter 5: The Digital Future
The Digital Future
This chapter looks at the latest developments in Europe in the field of digital television. Digital television refers to a new technology that allows the transmission of TV images in a digitally compressed mode via satellite, cable or terrestrial transmission to the viewer (digital video broadcasting, DVB) (Lindberg, 1995; Proakis, 1995). To decode the picture on the site of the receiver, a set-top box is required that translates the digital signal into the analog ‘language’ of the conventional TV set. At present, the central transmission line passes through direct broadcasting satellites (DBS), mostly by Astra, but also by Eutelsat. Therefore digital TV cannot be understood without knowledge of the current state of DBS in Europe. The digital signal may also ...