Drawing on the work of international contributors Media Organization and Production examines a wide range of global-local media organizations and the production of different mediums and genres. Following the editor's introduction which sets out the principal differences of approach and defining debates, chapters address: transnational and national, commercial and public service corporations; international film and TV co-productions; children's television news production, the historical development of ‘liveness’ on radio, and music journalism; the politics and organizational forms of alternative media production including radical newspapers, video and the internet; and the changing ߢproduction ecology’ of natural history television. These topics are examined through a variety of theoretical and conceptual frameworks that help to illuminate how cultural production often involves a complex articulation of differing influences and constraints, both material and discursive, intended and unintended, structurally determined and culturally mediated. Together the chapters in this book help to recover this complexity and thereby help us to better understand the nature and output of today's media.

Journalists with a Difference: Producing Music Journalism

Journalists with a difference: Producing music journalism

The academic study of popular music journalists in particular, and arts critics in general, has been limited. This chapter focuses on popular music journalists. Running through the chapter is the core argument that music journalists, despite having a number of important similarities with mainstream ‘hard news’ journalists, must be singled out and considered as a unique case. The profession simultaneously exists both inside and outside the traditional journalistic sphere, and therefore theoretical models and findings derived from news production studies (for example, White 1950; Breed 1955; Tunstall 1971; Chibnall 1977; Schlesinger 1978/1980) are of limited use for understanding this unique and under-researched field of music journalism (see Table 7.1).

Table 7.1 ‘Hard’ news ...
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