Media Law is an essential and accessible introduction to the subject that will assist media; journalism and law students understand key concepts and aid their revision. This book, designed to complement existing textbooks will advise readers on how best to utilise the vast and ever growing array of information at their disposal. The tone and level of this guide makes it easy to follow and should prove invaluable in helping students construct assessed coursework. Established principles and contemporary developments in media law are covered and include: " Privacy and Confidentiality " Defamation " Contempt of Court " Reporting Restrictions " Freedom of Expression " Recent statutory and Case Law developments. Readers are shown how to research, identify and crucially apply media law principles to meet their needs and those of their examiners. This book is part of the SAGE Course Companion Series. Developed as accessible reference tools, SAGE Course Companions offer an introduction to the subject and encourage students to extend their understanding of key concepts, issues and debates.
Chapter 4.3: Case Law from the USA
Case Law from the USA
New York Times v. Sullivan  376 US 254
In March 1960, The New York Times carried an advertisement entitled ‘Heed Their Rising Voices’. It was designed to persuade people to help fund the civil rights campaigns in the southern states. The advertisement went into some detail about alleged civil rights abuses and was critical of the police in Montgomery, Alabama.
It was admitted that some of the material was inaccurate and the Police Commissioner brought an action for libel, even though he was not named in the advertisement. Local law prevented such an action being brought by public officials unless they had first requested a public retraction. The New York Times refused. Commissioner Sullivan won $500,000 in ...