Media and Violence pays equal attention to the production, content and reception involved in any representation of violence. This book offers a framework for understanding how violence is represented and consumed. It examines the relationship of media, gender, and real-world violence; representations of violence in screen entertainment; the effects of violent media on consumers; the ethics and gender politics of the production processes of screen violence; and the discussions are illustrated with topical and well-known examples, enabling the reader to critically engage with the debates.
Chapter 2: Beyond Cause and Effect
Beyond Cause and Effect
Having outlined some of the limitations of the effects model in the previous chapter, here I consider other ways in which to think about the relationship between representation and action. This takes us, first, behind the scenes where feminist work on the abusive production practices of pornography raises questions about harm that a linear cause and effect model necessarily excludes. On the other side of the screen, research on audiences also complicates the notion of effects and raises important questions about context, experience and morality.
|• Pornography and violence||anti-pornography and anti-censorship feminisms; defining pornography.|
|• Harmful production practices||abuse of women and children in pornography production; Linda ‘Lovelace’ the casting couch.|
|• Using pornography||arousal; guilt; abuse; homosociality.|
|• The appeal of violence ...|