This book explores the relationship between masculinity and violence within the context of cultural change and escalating violence. This unique analysis links the growing sociological and psychological literature on masculinity with contemporary criminological research. The author focuses on: A critical examination of the major biological, psychological, sociological, and anthropological models of masculinity and violence; Formulating an integrated theoretical approach to the relationship between violence and masculinity; Violence as a gendered activity; Representations of violence and masculinity in popular culture including cartoons, fiction, television and film. Masculine identity is not viewed as rigid, but as flexible and changeable. This position enables the author to take a completely fresh look at relations between power, privilege, and gender.