- Subject index
This is the final volume in the five volume series on Women and Migration in Asia. The articles in this volume bring a gender-sensitive perspective to bear on aspects of marriage and migration in intra- and transnational contexts.
In particular, the articles consider:
How, given specific rules of marriage and (post-marital) residence, the institution of marriage may itself entail women's migration; How marriage can be used as an individual and family strategy to facilitate migration, and conversely, how migration may become an important factor in the making of marriages; The fluid boundaries between matchmaking and trafficking in the context of migration; The political economy of marriage transactions; and finally, more broadly; The impact of intra- and transnational migration on the institution of marriage, family relations, and kinship networks
While most of the articles here concern marriage in the context of transnational migration, it is important—given the reality of uneven development within the different countries of the Asian region—to emphasize the overlap and commonality of issues in both intra- and international contexts.
Chapter 9: Gender, Dowry and the Migration System of Indian Information Technology Professionals
Gender, Dowry and the Migration System of Indian Information Technology Professionals
The spectacular growth of the information technology (IT) industry and the hyper-mobility of IT professionals are among the most significant social developments in India since its economic liberalisation in the beginning of the 1990s. In 2002, 64,980 Indians were granted H-1B visas, the special work permit of the United States for highly skilled temporary migrants, far exceeding the second and third largest groups (China with 18,841 and Canada with 11,760) (US Citizenship and Immigration Services 2003: 153). Even more strikingly, 73 per cent of the Indian H-1B visa holders were computer professionals and 63 per cent of all the computer-related H-1B visas were taken ...