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The decennial International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) that took place in Cairo in 1994 has been described as historic and revolutionary. It rejected top-down demographically driven population control programs, emphasizing instead reproductive health and rights for women, and for men. This volume explores the ideas and institutions that framed the Cairo consensus and traces their trajectories sixteen years down the line. Why were Third World feminists profoundly critical of the Cairo consensus and process? How has the health of people around the world been affected by neo-liberal economic policies? The intervening years have also seen the global rise of anti-feminisms and fundamentalisms targeting women's bodies and rights. What have these meant for women's rights, including reproductive rights?

The book presents detailed case studies ranging ...

A Decade after Cairo in Latin America: An Overview*
A decade after Cairo in Latin America: An overview
MarthaRosenberg.

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) at Cairo is considered a landmark, since it is perceived as having shifted the emphasis in women's health from demographic concerns to women's rights in general, and reproductive health in particular. But to evaluate what has happened to women's health in Latin America over a decade or more since the Cairo conference, one has to analyze happenings in the political sphere during this time; and how Latin America has been affected by “globalization”. The use of this term asserts the fact that the effects of the neo-liberal economic system—that now encircles the globe—cannot be isolated from national economies. Exploitation ...

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