- Subject index
The decennial International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) that took place in Cairo in 1994 has been described as historic and revolutionary. It rejected top-down demographically driven population control programs, emphasizing instead reproductive health and rights for women, and for men. This volume explores the ideas and institutions that framed the Cairo consensus and traces their trajectories sixteen years down the line. Why were Third World feminists profoundly critical of the Cairo consensus and process? How has the health of people around the world been affected by neo-liberal economic policies? The intervening years have also seen the global rise of anti-feminisms and fundamentalisms targeting women's bodies and rights. What have these meant for women's rights, including reproductive rights?
The book presents detailed case studies ranging ...
Chapter 6: Neo-Liberal Development and Reproductive Health in India: The Making of the Personal and the Political*
Neo-Liberal Development and Reproductive Health in India: The Making of the Personal and the Political*
In the decade since the International Conference on Population and Development held at Cairo in 1994 (ICPD), feminist writings have highlighted neo-liberalism1 as a dominant force that poses a challenge to a reproductive health approach2 to population policies. Research examining the implications of neo-liberal policies on reproductive health outcomes has provided a variety of conclusions. Some authors (Petchesky 2003; Standing 2000) argue that neo-liberal agendas, which are manifest in health sector reforms, cost recovery/user payee plans, individualization of health responsibilities, and consumerist trends in the delivery of health, are practices that are impediments to reproductive health ...