• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The decennial International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) that took place in Cairo in 1994 has been described as historic and revolutionary. It rejected top-down demographically driven population control programs, emphasizing instead reproductive health and rights for women, and for men. This volume explores the ideas and institutions that framed the Cairo consensus and traces their trajectories sixteen years down the line. Why were Third World feminists profoundly critical of the Cairo consensus and process? How has the health of people around the world been affected by neo-liberal economic policies? The intervening years have also seen the global rise of anti-feminisms and fundamentalisms targeting women's bodies and rights. What have these meant for women's rights, including reproductive rights?

The book presents detailed case studies ranging ...

Liberal Ends, Illiberal Means: National Security, “Environmental Conflict,” and the Making of the Cairo Consensus*
Liberal ends, illiberal means: National security, “environmental conflict,” and the making of the Cairo consensus
BetsyHartmann.
Introduction

The 1994 United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo was widely heralded as a victory for women's reproductive rights over both coercive population control programs and conservative religious fundamentalists that are opposed to contraception and abortion. While the ICPD's embrace of women's reproductive health and empowerment was a welcome and a long overdue reform of population policy, the Plan of Action agreed on in Cairo, essentially, left intact deeply problematic neo-Malthusian understandings of population growth as a principal drain on social, economic, and environmental resources. Today, as the fundamentalist backlash against Cairo ...

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