- Subject index
The decennial International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) that took place in Cairo in 1994 has been described as historic and revolutionary. It rejected top-down demographically driven population control programs, emphasizing instead reproductive health and rights for women, and for men. This volume explores the ideas and institutions that framed the Cairo consensus and traces their trajectories sixteen years down the line. Why were Third World feminists profoundly critical of the Cairo consensus and process? How has the health of people around the world been affected by neo-liberal economic policies? The intervening years have also seen the global rise of anti-feminisms and fundamentalisms targeting women's bodies and rights. What have these meant for women's rights, including reproductive rights?
The book presents detailed case studies ranging ...
Chapter 10: What Has Happened in Africa since Cairo?*
What Has Happened in Africa since Cairo?*
What has happened in Africa in the decade since the United Nations convened the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo? The data reveal the stark answers to the question.1
Since 1986 the poorest African countries grew poorer while the richest nations of the North got (much) richer. Table 10.1 shows GNP per person for the 10 poorest countries ranked in ascending order according to World Bank data for 2003 in comparison with GNP for 1986; remarkably, incomes fell or were stagnant in eight of the 10 cases. For the 10 richest countries, ranked in descending order according to World Bank data for 2003, the increase in GNP per person since 1986 ...