Citizenship is now a key battleground in the fight over the direction of personal and political morality, domestic and global policy, social justice and the spread of violence across the world. Market Citizenship: Experiments in Democracy and Globalization offers a compelling account of the past and future of citizenship. Drawing on a rich fund of empirical material, author Amanda Root analyzes a new paradigm of social relations: market citizenship.
Chapter 1: Citizenship
The Athenians used the term ‘idiot’, meaning a private person, to describe anyone who did not participate in public life. This idea of public participation, of moving beyond immediate personal or family interests, has defined citizenship ever since. The question that then arises is how a society encourages appropriate participatory behaviour in its citizens. Citizenship is defined largely by beliefs, values and symbols. Citizenship is also deeply ideological — any system of beliefs can be called an ideology — so some important changes in both the ideological and organizational structures of contemporary citizenship will be outlined here by, first, examining some theories of modern citizenship. Second, the historical models of Athens and seventeenth- and twentieth-century liberalism will be analysed. These historical approaches to citizenship ...