- Subject index
Local governments in the United States are important in providing an almost endless variety of services that immediately affect our lives. And, in recent years local governments and administrators are becoming increasingly important as they try to deal effectively with drugs, AIDS, homelessness, gangs, economic decline, or even economic development. A well written examination, this important volume provides a descriptive analysis of how public administrators manage municipal government. Managing Local Government explores conceptual and empirical dimensions of public administration including the legal aspects of public management; human resource management; budgeting and public finance; the political dimension; intergovernmental relations; and ethical considerations. Within this context, the authors take up such pressing and practical issues as economic development, housing, culture and recreation, public safety, transportation, and waste disposal. Professionals and students of public administration, urban studies, policy studies, and political science will find this volume essential reading. “The American text, Managing Local Government: Public Administration in Practice is another example in the large collections of readings, modestly priced, and … covering key policy and administration issues. … The bringing together of these studies, mostly written by practitioners, is a long overdue and worthy contribution to the literature. The insights contained here could hitherto only be gleaned from professional journals. In teaching a course on municipal administration I found this book to contain important practical and theoretical insights. I can only hope that someone will be stimulated to draw together similar insights from the Canadian background.” --Trevor Price, University of Windsor
Chapter 5: Public Finance and Budgeting
Public Finance and Budgeting
While issues of budgeting and finance are always important to local governments, they have become particularly salient in recent years for a number of reasons. First, federal aid to local government has been significantly curbed in the last decade. From 1980 to 1987, federal aid fell from 9.1% of local government general revenue to 4.8%. Second, the tax and expenditure limitation movement, which took flight in the latter 1970s, and the attitudes that fueled it continue to exert a restraining effect on local government taxing and spending. Third, sweeping economic and demographic trends have eroded the tax base of many older rustbelt cities and placed significant strains on city budgets. Fourth, local governments continue to ...