- Subject index
Local governments in the United States are important in providing an almost endless variety of services that immediately affect our lives. And, in recent years local governments and administrators are becoming increasingly important as they try to deal effectively with drugs, AIDS, homelessness, gangs, economic decline, or even economic development. A well written examination, this important volume provides a descriptive analysis of how public administrators manage municipal government. Managing Local Government explores conceptual and empirical dimensions of public administration including the legal aspects of public management; human resource management; budgeting and public finance; the political dimension; intergovernmental relations; and ethical considerations. Within this context, the authors take up such pressing and practical issues as economic development, housing, culture and recreation, public safety, transportation, and waste disposal. Professionals and students of public administration, urban studies, policy studies, and political science will find this volume essential reading. “The American text, Managing Local Government: Public Administration in Practice is another example in the large collections of readings, modestly priced, and … covering key policy and administration issues. … The bringing together of these studies, mostly written by practitioners, is a long overdue and worthy contribution to the literature. The insights contained here could hitherto only be gleaned from professional journals. In teaching a course on municipal administration I found this book to contain important practical and theoretical insights. I can only hope that someone will be stimulated to draw together similar insights from the Canadian background.” --Trevor Price, University of Windsor
Chapter 3: Law and the City
Law and the City
The Relationship between State and Local Government
The General Rule: State Control
Local governments are often referred to as “political subdivisions” of the state. This means that local governments possess only those powers that are granted to them by the state through “enabling legislation” and that their existence, form, and property are subject to continuing state control. Further, until recently, even those powers that were granted to local governments were strictly construed by state courts to ensure that local governments would not exercise any more power than was absolutely necessary to achieve the aims of the enabling legislation.1
This state control applies to all types of local governments, including municipalities, counties, unincorporated local units, special districts, and public ...