• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Although the concept of policy networks is now well-established in the field, most research has to content itself with description and analysis of their contribution to policy failure. This book goes further. It accepts policy networks as a fundamental characteristic of modern societies and presents an overview of the strategies for the management of these networks, as well as illustrating the various strategies for intervention.

The Dynamics of Closedness in Networks
The dynamics of closedness in networks
L.Schaap and M.J.W.van Twist

Most network theorists agree that policy networks are not easily managed. There is also agreement up to a point about why the options for steering in policy networks are limited. Many authors have tried to find the key for this in the (relatively) closed nature of (the actors within) the network, although a systematic theoretical underpinning of this interpretation is sadly lacking. In order to explain the (relatively) closed nature of policy networks, most authors draw attention to the balance of power and resources in the network (Hanf and Scharpf, 1978) or to actors' self-interest (Sabatier, 1986; Rhodes and Marsh, 1992). In our view, such explanations are inadequate because they fail to ...

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