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Operations Research in Hospitals

Operations research in hospitals
K.N.Gaur

Introduction to Operations Research

Main Features of Operations Research

Operations research (OR) is an interdisciplinary team approach to find an optimal solution to a problem situation. It uses tools and techniques of scientific research, particularly mathematical modelling, to arrive at the optimal solution. In many cases, OR optimises the output by either maximising profit or revenue, or minimising the cost, loss or time. Basically, this emphasises a total systems approach.

A standard procedure for the application of operations research is to carry out the following steps:

  • Define or formulate the problem.
  • Convert the problem into a mathematical model.
  • Find an acceptable solution to the model.
  • Validate the model.
  • Implement the final solution.

Of these, the first step is the most difficult, and ...

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