- Subject index
Management Learning introduces the context and history of management learning and offers a critical framework within which the key debates can be understood. The book also provides an incisive discussion of the values and purpose inherent in the practice and theory of management learning, and charts the diverse external factors influencing and directing the processes of learning. The volume concludes with a look forward towards the future reconstruction of the field.
Chapter 5: Groups, Groupwork and Beyond
Groups, Groupwork and Beyond
No study of practice in management education and development could be complete without some account of the emergence of groupwork theory and practice. The origins of this development are diverse. The legendary research at Western Electric drew attention to the importance of groups in the workplace (Roethlisberger and Dickson, 1939) and in a very different setting, Bion's work in therapy groups with military casualties in the Second World War has given us arguably the most influential theory of group behaviour (Bion, 1961). Later still, the therapist and educator Carl Rogers (1969) transposed his earlier explorations of group training for counsellors into a more generally applied methodology.
In the 1950s, the movement in the USA to democratize organizations, or more ...