- Subject index
Making Sense of Statistical Methods in Social Research is a critical introduction to the use of statistical methods in social research. It provides a unique approach to statistics that concentrates on helping social researchers think about the conceptual basis for the statistical methods they're using.
Whereas other statistical methods books instruct students in how to get through the statistics-based elements of their chosen course with as little mathematical knowledge as possible, this book aims to improve students' statistical literacy, with the ultimate goal of turning them into competent researchers.
Making Sense of Statistical Methods in Social Research contains careful discussion of the conceptual foundation of statistical methods, specifying what questions they can, or cannot, answer. The logic of each statistical method or procedure is explained, drawing on ...
Chapter Six: Studying the Relationship Between Two Variables
Studying the Relationship Between Two Variables
The relationship of two variables, say X and Y, involves several aspects. First, direction, i.e. whether one variable comes at least analytically a priori – as a predictor or a cause – to the other. If we do not have any knowledge or theory about such direction, then we must treat the relationship as symmetrical; accordingly, our analysis focuses on the association (or correlation) only.1 If we do have an interest in the direction, then we can use regression models. This ...