The struggle over a common EU energy policy is a special case of Europeanization of policy-making (Usherwood 1998), and up to the 1980s it was regarded as a spectacular failure (George 1985: 100). Energy policy is characterized by strong conflicts between a common policy, on the one hand, and divergent national policies, on the other. The focus here is the emergence of a common EU energy policy during the 1990s. Despite its inclusion in the very first treaties on the European Community, energy was until very recently more or less unaffected by common market legislation, and few energy policy decisions were taken at the ...
Energy Policy: Interest Interaction and Supranational Authority
Energy policy: Interest interaction and supranational authority
EU Energy Policy: What are the Driving Forces?