This Second Edition of Making Policy in Europe is fully revised and expanded to provide the most up-to-date introduction to the study of policymaking in the European Union (EU). The first part of the book introduces the different perspectives to study of the EU as a political system, and provides a framework for the study of the main actors and institutions in the decision-making process from transnational lobbying within Brussels to the implementation of EU law in national member states. Part two introduces each of the main sectoral policy areas. The common "market" is introduced and reviewed before students are provided with detailed studies of policies and policy-making in telecommunication
EU Enlargement: Interests, Issues and the Need for Institutional Reform
In recent years we have seen a debate in Europe on ‘Deepening versus Widening’ (Wallace 1989, De la Serre 1991, Wessels 1996). In the past, widening, i.e. enlargement, was often linked with deepening. The first enlargement agreed at the summit in The Hague in 1969 was for instance linked with the creation of European Political Co-operation (EPC), the foreign policy co-operation among the member states, which started in 1970. Spanish and Portuguese membership came in parallel with the Single European Act (SEA). The last enlargement as of 1 January 1995 was made on the basis of the Maastricht Treaty, which deepened integration in various ways, inter ...