Making Families Through Adoption provides a comprehensive look at adoption practices both in the United States and in other cultures, and a general understanding of the practices and ideology of kinship and family. The subject of adoption allows a window into discussions of what constitutes family or kin, the role of biological connectedness, oversight of parenting practices by the state, and the role of race, gender, sexuality, and socio-economic class in the building of families. While reviewing practices of and issues surrounding adoption, the authors highlight the ways these practices and discussions allow us greater insight into overall practices of kinship and family.

Race, Ethnicity, and Racism in Adoption and Fosterage Systems

Race, Ethnicity, and Racism in Adoption and Fosterage Systems

Race, ethnicity, and racism in adoption and fosterage systems

In this chapter, we focus on the ways in which race shapes the boundaries of adoption and fostering in the United States. Although poor children of all racial and ethnic groups are more likely than their middle- or upper-class counterparts to circulate among households, in the 1990s the percentage of African American children removed from their homes and placed in foster care far exceeded their percentage in the general population. Prior to the passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act in 1978, Native American children were also overrepresented in the population of children fostered or adopted into families or raised in institutional settings. Yet Latin American and Asian ...

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