Developed from the work of specialist teachers in Ealing who have been involved in promoting inclusive practices, this book shows how eliciting the pupil's views and strengthening the pupil voice is an important element in the success of any inclusion project. Covering a wide range of disabilities including Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Specific Learning Difficulties, it includes: Case-studies; Descriptions of the difficulties encountered by the young; Practical strategies to address these difficulties; Useful resources. Essential for any adult working in an inclusive setting, this fascinating book brings together theory with real practice.
Chapter 2: Including Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Including Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a life-long developmental disability that affects the way the brain makes use of the information it receives. It results in the individual having a perception of the world which is different from that shared by the majority of people.
Many people with ASD experience unusual or extreme reactions to the sights, sounds and tactile sensations within their immediate environment. They also have difficulties in working out what is happening around them and in particular find the complex and ever changing world of social interaction extremely challenging.
Some people with ASD develop speech and can perform many everyday tasks independently. Their overall cognitive ability may be within the ‘normal’ range. Such people ...