Learning: A Behavioral, Cognitive, and Evolutionary Synthesis provides an integrated account of the psychological processes involved in learning and conditioning and their influence on human behavior. With a skillful blend of behavioral, cognitive, and evolutionary themes, the text explores various types of learning as adaptive specialization that evolved through natural selection. Robust pedagogy and relevant examples bring concepts to life in this unique and accessible approach to the field.

Life Is About Making Choices

Life Is About Making Choices

Up to this point, we have discussed operant conditioning in terms of how consequences (also termed outcomes, reinforcers, and rewards) affect single behaviors. Whether the discussion was about rats pressing levers, pigeons pecking keys, autistic children engaging in disruptive behaviors, encouraging mute individuals and autistic children to speak, or rewarding people for studying, the focus was on a single target behavior and the effects of the consequences for that behavior on its future occurrence. But behaviors and consequences do not exist in isolation. At any moment in time, we can engage in any number of activities that may have different consequences: studying or watching television, going to a movie or going to a bar, staying ...

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