Your teacher training or professional development course will now probably include Masters level assessment and credits as teaching ‘becomes an M-level profession’ and a greater emphasis is placed on helping teachers develop deeper understandings about aspects of learning and teaching through a higher level of critical reflection.Learning and Teaching at M-Level will guide you through the various different aspects of doing M-level work at either the primary or secondary level, and help you to develop a deeper professional understanding. Your ability to research and understand learning environments will form a key part of making you an inquisitive and better teacher, and engagement with research underpins the book.  

Doing Qualitative Research

Doing qualitative research

In this chapter you will explore:

  • Why we should frame our thinking within a qualitative, interpretative paradigm
  • Approaches to interpretative paradigms
  • Rigour in qualitative research
  • Research methodologies
  • Case study
  • Ethnography
  • Action research


We have explored the ideas of research or enquiry as a part of the identity of a teacher in Chapters 1 and 3. In this chapter we will discuss different approaches to research which you might use in your school-based enquiry. We will discuss various ways to make meaning through your research which will be influenced by the nature of your study the question(s) you wish to ask, but fundamentally the way that you construct meanings about the world.

In Sebastian Faulks’ Human Traces (2005), the two key characters (Jacques Rebieres and Thomas Midwinter) are psychiatrists practising ...

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