Your teacher training or professional development course will now probably include Masters level assessment and credits as teaching ‘becomes an M-level profession’ and a greater emphasis is placed on helping teachers develop deeper understandings about aspects of learning and teaching through a higher level of critical reflection.Learning and Teaching at M-Level will guide you through the various different aspects of doing M-level work at either the primary or secondary level, and help you to develop a deeper professional understanding. Your ability to research and understand learning environments will form a key part of making you an inquisitive and better teacher, and engagement with research underpins the book.  

Looking at Classrooms

Looking at classrooms

In this chapter you will explore:

  • Student teachers' conceptions of classrooms
  • Personal theories
  • Asking ‘obvious’ questions
  • Reflection
  • Reflexivity
  • Epistemology
  • Observing teachers
  • Constructing pupils
  • Teacher knowledge
  • Pedagogies


Classrooms are very busy places with many interactions occurring between teachers, children and other adults in the classroom. In this chapter we will ask you to consider your own preconceptions and personal theories about classrooms and teaching in your own subject areas and/or age phase. It is highly likely that as a student teacher you will have well-defined constructions of classrooms and teaching (John, 1996). These notions or personal theories will have been developed as you moved through school and may well have been reinforced by the messages that you received from other sources such as the media and literature. There is a kind of ...

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