Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.

Stimulus Control of Behavior

Stimulus Control of Behavior

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the Lashley–Wade theory of stimulus generalization.
  • Distinguish between an SD and S.
  • Explain the differences between local and sustained (anticipatory) behavioral contrast.
  • Discuss the role of occasion-setting stimuli in Pavlovian and operant conditioning.
  • Recall the Hull–Spence theory of discrimination learning.
  • Explain the utility of errorless discrimination learning.
  • Describe Köhler’s relational theory of discrimination learning.
  • Discuss the role of attention in discrimination learning.

A Disappointing Review

Charlotte had first heard about Jeannette Walls’ book The Glass Castle in her Positive Psychology class. Her professor described the resilience shown by Jeannette Walls in overcoming a childhood in which she often did not have a roof over her head or much of anything to eat as her dysfunctional family ...

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