Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.
Chapter 8: Biological Influences on Learning
Biological Influences on Learning
- Distinguish between a predisposition and a constraint on learning.
- Recall an example of animal misbehavior.
- Discuss why schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) is a good animal model of human alcoholism.
- Describe two theories of flavor aversion learning.
- Distinguish between flavor-sweetness associations and flavor-nutrient associations as the basis for flavor preferences.
- Explain the concept of sensitive periods for imprinting.
- Describe the value of species-specific defense reactions (SSDRs).
- Discuss the role of dopamine on the effects of reinforcement.
A Nauseating Experience
For weeks, Sean looked forward to spending his spring break in Florida with his roommate Tony and Tony’s parents. Since he had never visited Florida, Sean was certain his anticipation would make the 18-hour car ride tolerable. When he and ...