Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.

Principles and Applications of Aversive Conditioning

Principles and Applications of Aversive Conditioning

Learning Objectives

  • Recall the variables that determine how quickly an escape response is learned.
  • Describe how to produce self-punitive or vicious circle behavior.
  • Distinguish between an active avoidance response and a passive avoidance response.
  • Explain the differences between positive and negative punishment.
  • Describe the variables that determine whether or not punishment will be effective.
  • Discuss the negative consequences of the use of punishment to suppress undesired behavior.
  • Recall an example of the effective use of punishment.
  • Explain when it is ethical to use punishment as a means of behavioral control.

A Good Spanking

Noah moved last summer. His father got a promotion and a big raise when he transferred to Nashville, Tennessee. Noah liked their ...

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