Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.

Principles and Applications of Pavlovian Conditioning

Principles and Applications of Pavlovian Conditioning

Learning Objectives

  • Explain how hunger and fear can be conditioned.
  • Describe the ways the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli can be paired.
  • Explain the conditions that influence the strength and rate of conditioning.
  • Describe how a conditioned response (CR) can be extinguished.
  • Explain how the conditioning and extinction processes can be disrupted.
  • Recount how a conditioned response (CR) can be acquired without pairing of the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the unconditioned stimulus (UCS).
  • Describe the use of systematic desensitization to eliminate a phobia.

A Lingering Fear

Juliette is a teacher at the local high school. Although her coworkers often ask her to socialize after work, Juliette always rejects their requests; instead, after driving home, she ...

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