Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.

The Modification of Instinctive Behavior

The Modification of Instinctive Behavior

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the Lorenz–Tinbergen model of instinctive behavior.
  • Describe the habituation and sensitization processes.
  • Describe the dishabituation process.
  • Discuss the changes in physiological processes that accompany habituation, sensitization, and dishabituation.
  • Recall the opponent-process theory of emotion.
  • Explain the nature of the addictive process.

If Only This Time

Todd has been smoking cigarettes since high school. His older brother Greg smoked, and Todd wanted to be like Greg. Many of Todd’s friends smoked in high school, thinking it was a cool thing to do. At first, he did not like to smoke; it made him cough and sometimes feel slightly nauseated. However, as the unpleasant effects began to disappear, he discovered that smoking cigarettes calmed him and ...

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