Learning: Principles and Applications provides students a current, comprehensive, and engaging introduction to the psychology of learning. Praised for its easy-to-read style and presentation of important contributions of both human and nonhuman animal research, the text helps readers understand the process of learning with coverage of classic experiments, contemporary research, real-world examples, applications, chapter-opening vignettes, and critical thinking questions. The Eighth Edition features expanded sections on theories of conditioning, a streamlined organization through two separate chapters on memory storage and retrieval, and enhanced pedagogy to better connect the material to the everyday lives of students.
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Learning
An Introduction to Learning
- Define the term learning.
- Describe the way instincts affect behavior according to functionalism.
- Explain how associations are formed according to the British empiricists.
- Recall the way Thorndike investigated the effect of rewards on behavior.
- Explain how Pavlov showed that digestive responses could be conditioned.
- Recount how Watson showed that emotions could be learned.
- Discuss how to conduct ethical animal and human research.
The Gift of Knowledge
Suzanne entered college 2 years ago with the intention to study biology and go to medical school. However, over the past year, she has found several psychology courses more exciting and challenging than her biology classes, and she now wants to become a clinical psychologist. Suzanne’s concern over her younger brother ...