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Learner as Expert
Learner as expert

To design is … to add value and meaning to illuminate, to simplify, to clarify.

—Paul Rand
About This Chapter

The LCD focus of this chapter is on issues of expertise and problem solving for the learner. This chapter includes discussions and examples from

  • Cognitive science on expertise and heuristics
  • Information science on knowledge engineering

The resulting design principles are extracted and listed at the end of the chapter.


This chapter focuses on two interrelated topics common to both cognitive science and information science. In cognitive psychology, heuristics (general problem-solving guidelines) are natural problem-solving methods for deciding what sequence of steps will transform a problem representation into a solution representation (after the IPA). In a broader context, heuristics is the study of strategies for solving problems of ...

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