- Subject index
Leadership and associated power issues lie at the core of group life in a variety of contexts. Even the most informal of groups typically have some form of leadership in their organization, and the understanding of leadership and power from a psychological standpoint can inform a greater understanding of group dynamics both inside and outside of the workplace. Leadership and Power is a synthesis of contributions from eminent social psychologists and organizational scientists that addresses these issues from a fresh perspective. In recent years, these themes have been re-examined through the lens of social categorization approaches that highlight people's social identity and social roles as group members, as well as the processes that influence perceptions of and expectations about people and groups. The book is wide-ranging; chapters cover such diverse issues as: interpersonal versus group-oriented styles of leadership; leadership of totalist groups; political leadership; and gender and leadership. It represents a state-of-the-art overview of this burgeoning field that will be important to a host of disciplines. Elements of cross-referencing to highlight thematic links as well as effective chapter conclusions will make the text appealing to advanced students taking courses in social and organizational psychology, management and organization studies, not just scholars interested in these themes.
Chapter 2: Leadership Effectiveness: Functional, Constructivist and Empirical Perspectives
Leadership Effectiveness: Functional, Constructivist and Empirical Perspectives
Three Dialectics of Group Life
Naturally occurring groups – not ad hoc laboratory groups with no history and no future working on a task with no meaning; and not questionnaire-based scenarios that exist only in the manipulated imaginations of college sophomores, but real groups – exist for a purpose with meaning and consequences. Any attempt to understand leadership in naturally occurring groups must recognize that reality.
It is the thesis of this chapter that the performance demands placed on naturally occurring groups significantly affect the dynamics of those groups, and that appropriate research and theorizing on leadership and power must recognize the important role of performance in group life.
The purpose, goal, or task ...