This practical guide introduces students to the basic principles of the law, enabling a comprehensive understanding of criminology and criminal justice. Law for Criminologists enthuses both students and teachers about the law while giving sound advice on how to achieve a thorough comprehension of the topic. The book strikes a much-needed balance between essential law for criminologists and commentary on current legal issues.
Chapter 7: Punishment and Sentencing
Chapter 7 examines:
- The main theories of punishment, their aims and purposes linked to sentencing provisions in the criminal courts
- The role and functions of the correctional services of England and Wales
- Offender management in Scotland
- The Northern Ireland Prison Service
- Alternative forms of punishment in the form of non-custodial measures and generic community sentences
- Restorative justice and victim–offender mediation
You will by now have realised that criminal justice involves complex issues. Crime is invariably linked to punishment. Even though the levels of most crimes have fallen significantly since about 1999, the vast majority of the British public thinks that crime has gone up. This can be attributed in part to a lack of confidence in the criminal justice system and partly to media hype of crime ...